Eleven electric cars you can buy this year

Eleven electric cars you can buy this year

The 2011 promised but was left alone in Promise. Just 1,200 registered ELÉCTRICSO vehicles (377 Cars) that have spent little more than 5% budgeted for aid: 4 of the 72 million Envisaged.

The electric car will start taking off this year. or the one coming. In any case it will Come. And we need to prepare for a change that revolutionizes the energy and mobility model. So far, this is what’s available on the Market.

On November 30, when the deadline for applying for aid granted by the Ministry of Miguel Sebastián was closed, the failure of the grant plan for the acquisition of electric vehicles, regulated in May by Royal Decree 648/2011, was Confirmed. Why have so few cars sold? The general crisis that affects all sectors is the first argument, but also the lack of supply of models, which have taken longer than Expected. and its high price.

On the horizon there are, however, issues that can accelerate the Process. The first one is China. Every day there are more news coming from the Asian country with protests because of the high levels of pollution that some cities have to endure. And that each time they endure less. Citizen mobilization can accelerate the bet that China is making for the electric car.

The other question is, of all people, Oil. Any political movement in the Persian Gulf area, where the World’s largest producers are located, has an extraordinary destabilizing effect on the crude oil market. The embargo on Iran has fueled the price of maximum fuels. In fact, the Federation of independent Consumer users (FUCI) estimates that travelling by car today costs 57% more than three years Ago. It is based on data from the European Union’s Oil bulletin, which is the liter of petrol in 1,367 euros and that of diesel oil in 1.360, when in January 2009 it cost 0.875 and 0.869 respectively. As much as some prefer not to see it, no one escapes that the swings around oil can turn everything.

In spain, the aid envisaged and not spent in 2011 have allowed to extend them one more year (the Royal decree 1700/2011 of November 18) until next November 30. And the amounts are kept: 2,000 euros for vehicles with an autonomy of 15 to 40 km; 4,000 euros for those ranging from 40 to 90 km, and 6,000 for those who exceed the 90 km of exclusively electric Autonomy. It is as much as saying that there will be 2,000 euros for plug-in hybrids, 4,000 for extended autonomy and 6,000 euros for pure Electrics. Something that does not like anything to toyota, because it considers that its new Toyota Prius plug-in, which will be put on sale in May or June and that will have a autonomy of 23 km, will be discriminated against the pure electric Ones.

So what cars are we going to be able to buy this year? What brands and models are already available?

Electrical

Nissan Leaf

The first pure electric of the market manufactured in large series has already begun its commercialization in spain. Its price is 29,950 euros, after the lowering of the 6,000 euros subsidy. The electric motor, of 80 hp, is powered by lithium ion batteries, which achieve an autonomy of 175 km, with a consumption of about 24 kWh. Recharge costs about two euros. The maximum speed is 145 km/h. It has an Eco mode to optimize all consumption: speed, air conditioning, etc. The full domestic load is done in eight hours at 16 amps of intensity (the domestic installations are 10 amps so if you want to accelerate that load you need to install a specific for electric vehicles). The fast recharge (direct current 50 kW) allows to charge 80% of the battery in about 30 minutes. The car has an interactive system called Wings that, connected to a global data center, can tell the driver how much autonomy you have left after the last recharge or which are the closest reload points at all Times. You can even compare driving efficiency with other cars registered in the Wings.

The Leaf was declared car of the year in the world in 2011 by a jury made up of 66 journalists from 24 countries. It has achieved 5 stars Euro NCAP, the highest score in Security. what, in the words of the Secretary-General of this body, Michel van Ratingen, “shows that electric vehicles can reach the same levels of safety as traditional cars.”

Renault Zoe

Renault has announced that it will be available mid-year or Fall. It is a compact sedan of four meters of length, five squares and a trunk of 292 liters. It has an engine of 60 KW (80 Hp) and reaches 135 km/h. On its autonomy, the manufacturer points out that it is more than 160 km although it is speculated that it could even exceed 200. The forecast is to travel 100 km with the Zoe cost 1.5 euros, a quarter that the turbodiesel of their size more efficient.

It has a standard recharge system, which takes between 6 and 8 hours, and another fast (400 volts and 36 amps), to get 50 km of autonomy in just ten minutes or perform a full refueling in half an hour. In some countries, automatic battery change stations will be installed, so that, without moving from your vehicle, the customer will be able to replace his empty battery with another filled in three Minutes. today, This system called Quickdrop is planned in Israel and denmark, in collaboration with the Better Place Organization.

Renault Twizy

The first ones will arrive at the dealerships this month of February. It is manufactured exclusively in the factory of Valladolid. It measures 2.33 m long and 1.23 wide. And it has two squares, one in front and the other behind. It has two versions. The Twizy 45, of 4 KW of power and a maximum speed of 45 km/h, which costs 4,917 euros, VAT included, with the official help, and which can be driven with moped permit from 15 Years. and the Twizy Urban (5,409 euros) for Carnet B, 13 KW of power and 80 km/h. The doors are bought separately and cost 550 euros more. And the batteries are rented at the price of 50 euros per month, has an autonomy of 100 km. The complete recharge in domestic outlets is done in three and a half hours.

Smart Fortwo

It will be marketed worldwide in the mid-2012. It has a battery of 17.6 kWh, with an autonomy of 140 km and a recharge time of about three hours and a half to reach 80%. In a household plug the full charge lasts about 8 hours in a household plug and one hour in a fast recharge post (with a 22 KW charger). It reaches a maximum speed of 120 km/h, with a notable acceleration capacity that can reach 60 km/h in less than six seconds and 100 km/h in less than 13.

Smart offers a sales model called Sale & care with which you can choose to buy (less than 19,000 euros, VAT not included), purchase on lease or finance the vehicle and rent the battery for less than 70 euros per month. Rental costs include periodic maintenance, Annual Review and, if necessary, rapid replacement irrespective of the age of the vehicle or battery.

Ford Focus Electric

It’ll be out at the end of 2012. It will have an autonomy of 160 km of autonomy and a maximum speed limited to 136 km/h. The expected price in the United States is 39,975 dollars, about 31,000 euros. The car, which was presented a year ago at the Detroit International show, is the first fully electrically produced by Ford. Its lithium-ion batteries move an engine that offers a power of 23 KW (125 hp).

Ford has no qualms about directly compared to the Nissan Leaf and ensures that its recharge can be twice as fast as the Japanese model, only 3-4 Hours. It has an application for smartphone, that allows to know the state of the car, its level of charge, expected recharge time, the location of the nearest recharge stations as well as to schedule the most advantageous load schedule or to receive alarms when The process is Complete. Aesthetically what is most called the tension is the new Aston Martin style calender and the screens on the dashboard that inform us of the load and autonomy at any Time.

Peugeot IOn

It is already marketed, like its twin brothers, the Mitsubishi I-MiEV and the Citroen C-Zero. All three share design and technical characteristics. In fact, they are popularly called Triplets. With an electric motor of synchronous type with permanent magnets that yields a maximum of 49 KW (66 hp). The Ion”litio battery provides up to 150 km of autonomy and can be recharged with a domestic plug in 6 hours or if we have a fast recharge in just 30 minutes it achieves 80% of its Capacity. Even in 5 minutes we can store enough energy to make about 30 km.

Its benefits are sufficient for its urban vocation: 130 km/h of maximum speed and an acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in 15 seconds. It measures 3.48 long and 1.47 wide. The Peugeot IOn offers assistance in case of discharge of the traction Battery. To do this you have to hire the Premium maintenance. At the end of last month Peugeot and citroen, or PSA, lowered 16% the price of Peugeot IOn and Citroen C”Zero, which go to cost 23,551, after the discount of 6,000 euros of aid.

Mitsubishi I-MiEV

It will go down in history as the first electric car manufactured in Series. It has a magneto”eléctrico engine of 67 CV and the batteries offer an autonomy of 150 km. It has six operating modes, those corresponding to an automatic transmission and two specifics of an electric vehicle: B and C. The B allows for a higher energy regeneration in retentions and therefore a higher battery recharge, which extends its autonomy. Position C facilitates a smoother response for long-distance driving, which improves comfort. The battery, which according to Mitsubishi does not need any maintenance in ten years, is recharged in six hours in a conventional plug.

In the instrument panel a display shows the remaining autonomy depending on the driving conditions that have been followed in the last 25 km. Consumption is 13.5 kWh at 100 km, which is an approximate cost of one euro every 100 km. The brand offers five years guarantee for the main electrical components. Its price is 28,400 euros, after the discounts

Citroen C”Zero

As we have said, its characteristics are similar to those of the Peugeot iOn and the Mitsubishi i-MiEV. 130 km/h maximum speed and 150 km of autonomy that can be managed depending on the driving style. Because during the deceleration phases, the engine functions as a generator that transforms the kinetic energy into electrical energy used to power the Battery. An indicator constantly informs both consumption and power generation to optimize their possibilities.

Despite its size, it is equipped with 6 front, side and ceiling airbags. and has electronic stability control ESP. As with the Peugeot iOn, the price of Citroen C”Zero has dropped in recent weeks 16%, until 23,551, after applying the discount of 6,000 euros of aid.

Hybrid Plug-in

Toyota Prius Plug”in

It goes on sale in summer and its price in Spain will be below 30,000 euros. It’s the first plug-in hybrid that hits the Market. Its batteries are of lithium ion, of 4.4 kwh (1.3 kwh in the normal hybrid Prius) that allow to make 23 km. Together, its thermal and electric motors deliver 136 hp of power. It reaches a peak speed of 180 km/h and an average consumption of 2.2 liters at 100 km (30% less than the normal hybrid Prius), with CO2 emissions of 49 g/km. The batteries are recharged in an hour and a half.

The Prius Plug-in allows for three driving modes. HV mode, with the same characteristics of the hybrid. EV mode uses the battery to the maximum, making it possible to drive only with the electric motor. and EV-City mode, which gives priority to electric traction and allows greater use of the accelerator before the petrol engine is started. The Prius Plug-in presents several external details that differentiate it from the normal prius, including bumpers and grille and its silver Touches.

Volvo V60 PHEV

He’ll be here in the Fall. It combines an engine 2.4 turbodiesel of 215 CV with another electric of 70, coupled on the rear axle, which makes it possible to drive 4×4. It has automatic change and three modes of operation: hybrid, electric and sport. The first one combines the two engines, with an average consumption of 1.9 liters, a maximum autonomy of 1,200 km and CO2 emissions of 50 g/km. In the electric mode you can travel 50 km.

12 KWh lithium-ion Batteries can be charged in three hours in a domestic outlet at 16 amps (longer if the amperage is lower). Circulating in hybrid mode the batteries can also be recharged, although in this case the engine consumption increases turbodiesel up to seven Litres. No data is known about its price in spain.

Extended autonomy

Opel ampere

It goes on sale this month of February. He’s the brother of the Chevrolet Volt. They are the so-called extended autonomy Cars. The ampere costs 38,900 euros (after the discount of the Aid) and allows to travel the first 40 “80 km with the batteries, depending on the terrain, the way of driving and the ambient temperature. Then a small petrol engine is started to power the electric motor that moves the Wheels.

16-kWh lithium-ion Batteries Feed an electric motor of 150 hp/111 kW. According to Opel, the car offers a total autonomy of more than 500 kilometers, it consumes 1.2 liters at 100 km and emits 27 grams of CO2 per km. Its peak speed is 161 km/h. The vehicle can be recharged in about four hours. It measures 4.49 long by 1.78 Wide.